Arcosanti - An Urban Laboratory in the Arizona Desert.


? [image: Computer rendering of NUDGING SPACE Arcology].

This continues our report from 12/11/09.

excerpt from Soleri paper “Two Suns Arcology: Nudging Space, 2001.” [“ “]

“An apse is a quarter spherical concave form in upright position found in cathedrals and mosques. A truncated apse when of large size becomes an exedral geometry. Apsedra is a combination of apse and exedra.”

? [image: 3D rendering of NUDGING SPACE Arcology].

“In a crude similarity of composition and of formal relationships the closer analogy to the apsedra is the artichoke. Cut 1/3 of the top off, split the staple in half, carve off the fluffy core and more, then open to a degree the half you chose so that there is some separation between the leaf blades.
All blades are rooted to the lower center. Each leaf blade is analogous to an apsedra, and each blade is a double skin defining the interior of it: residences, work spaces, public spaces, etc.
The space-volumes between blades is the environment moderating the outdoor climate by way of controlling the impact of the sun and air.

A cautionary note: The artichoke analogy is purely meant as a visual aid for the reader and not a concession to organic architecture nor an endorsement for its founder’s (F.L.Wright) far more sophisticated meaning.”

? [image: 3D rendering of NUDGING SPACE Arcology].

“Sphericity: As the most common body in space at least the cooling down size of space, sphericity is in our consciousness and it is formative of it. A sphere conceived by intellection and saturated by intellection, the human life inhabiting it, can only be a pseduo-spherical environ and an ephemeralized one. The circular and radial combination is critical in both functions and the logistics necessary to their effectiveness.”

? [image: 3D rendering of NUDGING SPACE Arcology].

“If it were not for the askewed presence of the sun and for the positively and pregnantly askewed presence of man the vicarious, convivial, fantasizing, inventive, unsettled persona, Homo faber full of howness (and the techne howness is the implementation of), the sphericity of Nudging Space could be soundly objected to.”

? [image: 3D rendering of NUDGING SPACE Arcology].

"The askewedness of the earth-sun relationship is the cause of night-day, seasons, and all that those characters have done to the planet, life being one of them. A non-askewed relationship, let's say the sun or equivalent at the center of the earth, would have made for a dull and probably dead planet even if its surface where to be a steady even and balmy 70 degrees Fahrenheit.

The apsedra is solar-garment architecture and the population-institution density makes it into an urban effect center. The apsedra is a town or a city depending on its size and performance. Maglev technology of logistics is both horizontal and vertical (and/or inclined). Maglev trains (passenger and freight) are connecting with local, regional, continental, transcontinental places.

There are two principal garments: the warm season garments: the sun rays are intercepted by shade membranes. The cold season garments: the sun rays are passing through transparent membranes that also trap the inside warmed air.

To the looseness of the shade garments corresponds the tightness of the transparent garment trapping the air warmed by the sun. Spring and fall are served by intermediate membranes: the sun-shade costume fit mix suggested by climate and temperature. The synchrony of the specific membrane with the seasonal variations are one of the singular aspects of architecture-ecology: arcology. An open city by choice. This synchronization can be an occasion for celebrations, festivities: the four season polyphony."

"As pointed out, the form of the multi-exedra is generated by the intent of putting the sun to work in producing large volumes of space that are tamed versions of the open space. They are tamed in terms of temperature, air movement, and light, thus the physico-climatic side of the apsedra.

The psychosomatic side is revealed by the influence the curved space has on our relationship with things and people. The apsedra encourages conviviality by offering a focusing convergence (its center or centers) where awareness and dialoguing are enhanced. This in a way goes three-dimensional in the apse side of the apsedra, the semi-spherical curvature of it is a reminder of very large parasol. That means that the embracing of the exedra is reinforced by the sheltering of the apse."

This completes this sequence of reports on the Lean Linear City / Nudging Space model at the 2009/2010 Beijing exhibition.

? [image: 3D rendering of Lean Linear City approach to NUDGING SPACE Arcology].

This continues our report from 12/09/09.

Nudging Space is an Arcology (ARChitecture / ecOLOGY), Paolo Soleri’s concept of cities that impinge minimally on their natural surroundings while trying to maximize the cultural, educational and economic benefits of urbanity.

? [image: Soleri original sketch of NUDGING SPACE Arcology, 2001].

The design characteristic of the Nudging Space arcology is the APSEDRA (the tall center cluster of structures.)
Their shape is reminiscent of an artichoke whose upper part and choke have been removed. Its blades are largely separated but remain attached at the base.

? [image: NUDGING SPACE Arcology model, built in 2000 by planning intern Estefania Villamizar].

The overall form of Nudging Space is intended to create various micro-climatic environments within the building envelopes. To do this Soleri utilizes the concept of “garment architecture” to moderate thermal and lighting conditions. The hot season garment is opaque, providing shade while the cold season garment is transparent and transmits the solar energy and traps the heated air. Furthermore, its curved space offers a focusing convergence that may encourage positive human interaction.

? [image: NUDGING SPACE Arcology, part of LLC model, built in 2009 by Beijing Center of the Arts, photographed at the exhibition].

excerpt from Soleri paper “Two Suns Arcology: Nudging Space, 2000.” [“ “]

“The name is in reference to the hypothesis that reality is made of metamorphosizing space, the becoming, and of the registration in full of such metamorphosis which the past is, the being.
Nudging space refers to any event or sequence of events that even infinitesimally make being inch closer to its own resolution in the space-less conclusive singularity of duration, i.e. total recall, i.e. the self-revelation of reality.”

? [image: Computer rendering of NUDGING SPACE Arcology].

“The fact that architecture is so full of space makes for nice but pure accidental resonance. Everything is space in constant self-reconfiguration, be it a sub-particle, a super nova, a chicken egg, a person, a passion . . . evolution, the condition of man, the imagined, the factual . . . man’s body-brain.”

? [image: Computer rendering of NUDGING SPACE Arcology].

“Space is the minimalism (non-reductionistic) hypothesis, the lean hypothesis. It disposes of time, future, dualism, animism. Disposing of dualism and animism means dropping the creator-creature, body-soul, brain-mind, matter-spirit, means-ends dualities.
Each disposal and each drop adds to the prodigiousness intrinsic to the becoming: the primeval elementarity of reality developing into a potential and (perhaps) eventual graceful conclusion.”

We continue this report on 12/14/09.

? [image: Computer rendering for the Lean Linear City model]

This continues the report from 12/7/09.

The Lean Linear City model includes a large MULTI-FUNCTIONAL DAM and BRIDGE. For this, Youngsoo Kim chose Veladiga - Dam site Arcology design from Paolo Soleri’s 1970 publication “Arcology – City in the Image of Man”.

Soleri designed this Dam Arcology for a Population of 15,000 with Population Density of 309/hectare; 125/acre. The Height to be 250 meters with Surface covered 48 hectare; 120 acres.

? [image: Computer rendering for the Lean Linear City model]

Excerpts from Paolo Soleri’s text for this design [from “Arcology - City in the Image of Man”, first published in 1970: [“ “]
“The order that man puts or imposes on nature, nature herself has self-imposed for countless centuries. Sudden upheaval or gradual phenomena have created rivers and watersheds, changed the course of rivers, reversed watersheds throughout the life of the earth. Purposeless as the process might have been itself, the results were and are portentously part of, and definers of, what man has done with himself and his species. We, the latecomers, are then part and result of this geocosmic phenomenon. Coherence to nature and man demands then that geocosmic action be enriched by man into a geocosmic-reflective intervention.”

? [image: elevation of VELADIGA. from “Arcology - City in the Image of Man”, page 92 of the 2006 edition]

“To be abrupt: our dams are geocosmic dwarfs and reflective abortions. They may well feed cities and industries with power, irrigate lands and fields, swell the pride of corporate images of technicians and contractors. What they do not do is to project themselves, as they should, as living and awesome organisms.
The “success” of the obscure, mineral plant, earth, is and will be measured by the substance of the civilizations enveloping it, this substance given in turn by the measure of wholeness (congruence) each undertaking carries with it. “

? [image: isometric plan of VELADIGA. from “Arcology - City in the Image of Man”, page 90 of the 2006 edition]

On the geocosmic scale in which a dam can act, the right speck in the right crack and its apparent out-of-proportion effects, one cannot but wish a proportionate degree of liveliness and participation of man himself, directly and immanently.
The focal point and energetic center of such a scale seems to warrant a limitless variety of occasions for a rich, intense life, if one adds the colossal masonry, the concentration of facilities, the site, one has all the premises for a fully displayed metropolitan life.

In a dam one has more than an instrument, one has a phenomenon cutting its way into the ecological balance of vast areas. A dam is as large as the transformations it produces.
The sense of focality and useful coercion that springs from it needs to be lived by man because they are essentially transfigurative.
What else in construction beside bridges and other water-retaining structures can compare in forcefulness, size, purpose, grandeur?
Certainly not our offices, palaces, theatres, libraries—why should not those characters be lived by society and take, whenever possible, the place of petty redundance or diffused chaos?

We continue this report on 12/11/09, about the LEAN LINEAR CITY model displayed at the "3 Dimensional City: Future China" exhibition, presently at the Beijing Center of the Arts, Beijing, China. Next segment will be on the NUDGING SPACE Arcology part of the model.

December 07. 2009

Last Friday, Dec. 4. 2009, Paolo Soleri and Mary Hoadley returned from China with a stop in Torino, Italy. Soleri was honored by the city of his birth and also attended an event to introduce a new book, written by Professor Iolanda Lima, about Soleri's early work.
We hope to have a full report later.

? We continue our report from 12/4/2009 about the “3 DIMENSIONAL CITY: FUTURE CHINA” exhibition at BEIJING CENTER FOR THE ARTS, Beijing, China.

[photo: close-up of Lean Linear City (LLC) model]

Continuation of statement by Paolo Soleri for this exhibition. [" "]


"The ever-delusional effort to combine the exurban diaspora with an efficient public transit system has been and will “forever” be a naïve notion bordering on dementia."

? [image: isometric view of and node and a module of Lean Linear City (LLC)]

"In the lean construct of an organism, each cell of the body is fed and cleansed by symmetrically astounding networks of arteries and veins. Trillions of cells are kept living and working by the gossamer reticulum of an inimitable delivery-retrieval system."

? [image: computer rendering for the model of Lean Linear City]

"Our monstrous multitudes of automobiles, soon over six billion (American Dream), will never achieve even a pale approximation of the logistical perfection of any organism."

? [image: computer rendering for the model of Lean Linear City]

"Furthermore, a culture based on the automobile leads to the diaspora of habitat, inevitably segregating people and stifling true novelty, the synergies of culture and civilization."

? [image: computer rendering of LLC features, such as Photovolteic Ribbons, Wind Turbines, Greenhouse and Energy Apron, Elevated Parks, Inner Parks, Inner Park Stream, Light Rail and Local Train, Streams and MULTI-FUNCTIONAL DAM and BRIDGE]

"The triumphal technological march of Homo faber is overloading the poorly designed “arterial and venous” networks we naïvely have embraced. The suburban logistical network is sclerotic, and worse, doomed. In order to remain marginally viable, the life of the “organism” becomes grotesque.

An aerial view of exurban diaspora evidences that grotesque, monotonous, shallow, delusional life. It is un-civil-ized, i.e., deprived of civitas (the city), but serves well the production, consumption, segregation, waste, and pollution cycles of raw capitalism. The survival of the fittest is its rule, while its very livelihood rests in the obscurantism of materialism.

For 1.3 billion Chinese people, the Arcadian utopia conjured by the automobile is a make-believe the planet can’t stomach, much less serve. The hyper-consumption now charming nations does not call forcefully enough for the coherence and idealism now necessary to prevent Homo faber suicide (animism and theology should satisfy our idolatries enough).

Our indifference toward the sun and its climatic rage taxes our fragile presence. How to best harness a fraction of the sun’s energy, now that fossil fuels are beginning to show signs of exhaustion, is essential to the structural and functional morphology of the proposed urban ribbon. Its predisposition toward a clean and lean nature includes harvesting solar energy on the spot and paying attention to the logistics of contemporary consumers.

We have been de-coupling the urban from the logistical (transportation) and as long as we stay in hyper-consumption mode and persist in automobile supremacy, the conflict has no solution. It is a simple fact of physics (transportation) and hyper-physics (the Urban Effect).

SOLARE [LLC] channels both the physical and the hyper-physical (civilization-culture) presence in self-contained complexes and intense urban ribbons capable of lining the continent in the leanest possible mode. The variations available for the single module (200 meters in length) to “clone” itself are unlimited, given the ingenuity and the resolve of the planners, designers, and populations involved.

For us ignorant Westerners, it is almost like witnessing not the rebirth of a nation, but a brand new branch of the human genome falling from the heavens. The suddenness of the metamorphosis, the size of things, and the massive population involved is jolting. One fourth of the planet’s population is taking off! It’s breathtaking. For where it will end up is pure guesswork."

This completes the Palo Soleri statement for the present "3 Dimensional City: Future China" exhibition in Beijing, China.

We will continue this report on Wednesday, 12/9/2009 with additional images of The Lean Linear City, report concentrates on MULTI-FUNCTIONAL DAM and BRIDGE part of the LLC.

December 04. 2009

? We continue our report from 12/2/2009 about the “3 DIMENSIONAL CITY: FUTURE CHINA” exhibition at BEIJING CENTER FOR THE ARTS, Beijing, China.

Tomiaki Tamura, 2009:
LLC proposes a continuous urban ribbon of twenty or more stories high, extending for many kilometers. Two main, parallel structures are built in modules measuring 200 meters in length. Each module accommodates about 3,200 residents and spaces for commercial, industrial, educational, cultural, recreational, and health maintenance activities.

Statement by Paolo Soleri for this exhibition. [" "]


"China, on the border of a new era, has the enviable chance to leap beyond existing techno-social culture and land in a quasi-pristine environment with a post-Western formula."

? [photo: Lean Linear City (LLC) model]

"The Western formula is showing signs of hitting the zenith of unconditional materialism, heralded by what the American Dream is turning out to be."

? [image: plan and elevation of Lean Linear City]

"Logistical paralysis is just one of the afflictions of the American landscape, imposed on the population by anti-urban diaspora. To reform this landscape is an exercise in too little too late."

? [image: computer rendering for the model of Lean Linear City]

"Reform will not effect sufficient transformation, because it works at improving the wrong thing and thus moves toward a predictable dead end. What is needed is a total reformulation, and China is a land optimally positioned for such. The core of this reformulation is the city in its more promising transformation."

? [photo: The model shows Nudging Space Arcology in the foreground, connected to many segments of Lean Linear City, connected to an existing city right next to the mirror, doubling the impression of the model]

"Life, inventiveness, and culture are more and more in the thick of things, in accordance with the “teaching” of nature: the creation of willful organisms, and with Homo sapiens, the creation of hyper-organisms, or the urban context."

? [photo: close-up of Lean Linear City (LLC) model.]

"The need to entwine the thick of things of the city with fluid performance and logistics is one of the tasks addressed by LEAN LINEAR CITY."

We will continue this report on Monday, 12/7/2009 with additional images and Soleri text of LLC.

? We continue our report about the “3 DIMENSIONAL CITY: FUTURE CHINA” exhibition opening from Nov. 28. 2009 at BEIJING CENTER FOR THE ARTS, Beijing, China.

Tomiaki Tamura composed four separate digital loop presentations, projected onto the walls of the Paolo Soleri exhibition.

? One of the digital presentations is about Arcosanti, another about Arcology, the third about Lean Linear City and a keynote presentation of a collection of sketchbook pages from the late 1950’s to present time. The keynote presentation gives the effect of gently turning the pages. The selected pages are of sketches with reference to the Linear City effect and Arcology designs.

? Also displayed at this exhibition is part 3 of Paolo Soleri sketchbook #10, forty pages of original drawings and text.

? Paolo Soleri’s original scroll drawing from the TWO SUNS series is placed against the wall, where a large mirror projects double size.
33 feet of this 67 feet long scroll are displayed in a case identically sized to the model case.

? [photo: part of the C115 Two Suns scroll]
Excerpts from the 2 Suns brochure, 1976:
The 2 Suns Arcology encompasses a number of variations on the concept of small and large settlements showing an integration of five effects: The Urban Effect, Horticulture Effect, Greenhouse Effect, Chimney Effect and Apse Effect.
The aim of this integration is a more effective habitat, more responsive to the needs of society and more sensitive to the environmental, ecological, energetic boundaries within which we operate on this earth. The key to all of this is the Urban Effect, the fundamental drive of life. The “evolution of the city is viewed as the process which first of all causes the “non-living” to become alive, and then the living to become inventive, conscious, anticipatory, thinking, creational.

? [photo: The LEAN LINEAR CITY model]
For background text or images on the Lean Linear City concept, please view the Flash presentation on our home page, or view Today@Arcosanti postings on 8/05, 8/07, 8/10, 8/12 and 8/14/2009.
We will continue this report on Friday, 12/4/2009 with additional images of the model.

November 25. 2009:

Urban Planning Innovator Paolo Soleri Presents Work at “3D City: Future China” Exhibit in Beijing.

Architect Paolo Soleri will speak at the opening of an exhibition featuring his work at the Beijing Center for the Arts, which will run from November 29, 2009 – February 28, 2010.

On November 28, 2009, architect Paolo Soleri will speak at the Beijing Center of the Arts (BCA) in the opening forum of an exhibit presenting his work in alternative architecture and planning. Titled "THREE-DIMENSIONAL CITY: FUTURE CHINA", the exhibition explores possibilities for China’s urban future through revolutionary planning and architecture.
Running from November 29, 2009 through February 28, 2010, the exhibition is open daily from 10:00 a.m. - 10:00 p.m., closed Mondays. The BCA sits at the edge of Beijing’s famous Tian’anmen Square. Three Dimensional City: Future China highlights Paolo Soleri’s arcology design LEAN LINEAR CITY with a 5 x 36 foot architectural model (1:1,000 scale) among displays of other arcology design concepts, a portion of the 66 foot Two Suns Arcology scroll, historical sketches, and videos. The exhibition also features the work of MVRDV, a large architecture firm from the Netherlands, highly regarded for its alternative, ecologically minded designs.

? [photo: exhibition preparation of the Lean Linear City model, which was built in China at Beijing Center of the Arts initiative, according to plans and CAD drawings provided by Arcosanti Planning Department, detailed report will follow next week].

Continued press release:
The BCA reports, “Three Dimensional City is poised to envision an ideal living environment and future urban ecology. The project addresses the depletion of land and energy resources. Not only will it be an enlightening project from which our future urban planning programs can draw inspiration, but also hopes to involve an exhilarating social reformation.”
Arcology, the concept of architecture + ecology that Soleri is most well known for, describes a dense, compact, three dimensional, pedestrian urban system that reduces human impact on the environment while improving quality of life and Lean Linear City is Soleri’s latest arcology proposition. Like all of Soleri’s arcology designs, Lean Linear City’s structures reduce energy demand, mainly for heating/cooling by using passive solar design and for transportation by incorporating logistics into the system’s plan.
“With attempts to curb global warming by maximizing its reduction of energy consumption and carbon emission and efforts to reclaim land that has been invaded and occupied in the chaos of horizontally spreading cities, humanity is looking for ideal future cities of high-density residences living in harmony with nature,” states the BCA.

? [photo: exhibition preparation of scroll display. Note the mirror at the end of the case. It will double the length of the display]

Continued press release:
Arcology is the opposite of the single family, suburban home, incorporating all urban functions into a compact yet complex system that offers metropolitan amenities without sacrificing closeness to nature. Soleri argues that the world cannot sustain the social, environmental, and economic costs of urban sprawl. “The idea resonates more in China because they are faced with increasingly demanding population and resource issues,” claims Arcosanti rep Erin Jeffries. “In time, I believe more Americans will realize that it’s impossible to continue on our current course and that there are social as well as environmental benefits of the arcology concept.”
The “Lean Linear” approach incorporates two main structures, or “urban ribbons,” around a continuous urban park and “green river” and the buildings are surrounded by vast, natural landscape, allowing immense opportunity for experiencing nature and wildlife firsthand. Lean Linear City improves on earlier arcology design concepts with considerable energy production capacity. Its structures are lined at the top edges with photovoltaic (solar) panels facing southward and vertical axis wind turbines. With a complex arrangement of multiple and mixed-use structures around both light rail and high-speed rail networks, residents of Lean Linear City could reach all daily destinations with only a short walk or brief ride on a train. The dense urban ribbons can move through production farmland, bringing the city to the farmer and include agriculture production in the large, attached solar greenhouses and orchard terraces.

End of text from Cosanti Foundation press release.
We will continue to report on the exhibition and it's history with updated images, during the next two weeks.

? [photo: The model is in place and covered during final cleaning. Again, note the mirror at the end of the case. It will double the length of the model display]

Opening Schedule

3D City: Future China
-- International Architecture and Art Cross Disciplinary Forum
November 28, 2009
13:30 – 17:30
Chief curator: Weng Ling, Feng Lun
Participating architect: Paolo Soleri (U.S.)
MVRDV (Netherlands)

Organizer: Beijing Center for the Arts
Beijing Vantone Citylogic Investment Corporation
Venue: Beijing Center for the Arts
No.23, Qian Men Dong Da Jie, Dong Cheng District, Beijing
Support: ISreading Culture
Sponsor: AUDI

For the first time in 2008, the world’s urban population has exceeded that of rural. As the pattern of urban sprawl hits its peak, urban development is facing a bottleneck, putting a strain on natural resources, and pressure on sustainability. With attempts to curb global warming by maximizing its reduction of energy consumption and carbon emission, and efforts to reclaim land that has been invaded and occupied in the chaos of horizontally spreading cities, humanity is looking for ideal future cities of high-density residences living in harmony with nature.
“3D City: Future China – International Architecture and Art Invitational Exhibition” will invite Paolo Soleri, father of “Arcology” and cutting-edge architect group MVRDV to envision a future city that is able to accommodate 100,000 – 300,000 residents within a limited area of 1 – 2 square kilometers. The “Cross Disciplinary Forum” will accomplish its commitment of providing multi-dimensional visions and solutions for creating ideal future cities and developing sustainable urban ecology by gathering experts, scholars and practitioners in front line of a number of fields – urban planning, architecture, design, art, environment, economic, and so on, discussing the possibility of achieving eco-friendly 3D cities in China.

? [photo: exhibition preparation of scroll display. This is a Paolo Soleri Original scroll drawing of the TWO SUNS series]

In modern architectural history, many architects have had the utopian dream of building a "three dimensional city". For example, Japanese architect, Isozaki Arata had proposed a series of plans on "city in the sky" in the 1960s ("Multilayer activities added to spaces above ground while maintaining that exists on the streets, such proposals were named as 'city in the sky'"... "We will expand architecture to urban scale, in the contrary appropriates urban elements into architectural design in order to reshape the architectural form"). The American architect and urban planning theorist Paolo Soleri further adopted an efficient principle of "complex – condense – sustainable" design (arcology) for human living implemented in Arcosanti – an experimental creation out of pure imagination ("Arcology instructs to reorganize the over-expanded city into a condensed, united and three dimensional city, allowing them to continue to sustain the complicated activities of human civilization. This city would be a critical step in the course of human evolution").
If Isozaki Arata's grand urban complex is an "architectural" resolution to the rapid expansion, highly dense urban environment, then Paolo Soleri's desert city – Arcosanti is an alternative experiment in "small scale" in response to contemporary reality, and the analysis performed by MVRDV based on actual data offers visualizations of such imaginations of the future city. Thus, China in a high-speed urbanization era, confronted with many new issues (for example, the overflow of homogeneous spaces caused by high-speed urbanization) and new pursuits (for instance, ecological/energy design, perpendicular/complex communication system, and the making of new urban spaces), is most likely to realize the dream of building three dimensional cities featuring sophisticated combinations of high-rises and certain futuristic qualities.

? [photo: exhibition preparation of scroll display. This is a Paolo Soleri Original scroll drawing of the TWO SUNS series]

Three dimensional city far exceeds the working boundary of the "architect" and "urban planner" in the traditional sense. It needs convergence of all social resources, processing to study in depth and integrate extensively the urban elements of architecture, planning, ecology, natural resources, landscape, living and working models and complex network of transportation, and so on – it is an opportunity this era has offered to city builders, allowing utopian dreams of the past to be realized today.

12:00 – 13:30 Luncheon and private viewing for forum guests
Part I: 13:30 – 14:40 3D City: Dream and its Realization
Dreaming of “3D City” utopia by modern architects is not rare through modern history. If Paolo Soelri’s “Arcosanti” is an eminent experiment in “mini-scale” challenging the contemporary reality, then the audacious imagination of MVRDV on basis of “data-scape” can be esteemed as a magnificent visualization of future city. In China, urban modernity is still measured by CBDs and super-skyscrapers, which requires great attention and serious reflection.

Host: Fan Di’an Director of NAMOC
Guest Speaker: Paolo Soleri American architect, father of “Arcology”
MVRDV vanguard architectural group from Netherlands
40’ lecture + 30’ discussion

14:40 – 15:30 Tea break
Part II: 15:00 – 16:00 3D City: Reality and Design
3D city features complex of high-rises with certain “futuristic” nature. If it up-to-now is still dreams in minds of western architects, then it could become true in China of an era when challenges and demands are both increased by accelerating urbanization. But the question is, are we ready to deal with it and how? Hereby, a few farsighted architects will give us their understandings of the subject.
Host: Shi Jian Critic of architecture/ city, director of ISreading Culture
Guest speaker:
Cui Kai Vice president, Architecture and Design Academy of China
Ma Yansong Chinese architect
Zhu Pei Chinese architect
Wang Hui Chinese architect
Wang Hui Partner, Urbanus Architecture and Design
30’ lecture + 30’ discussion

Part III: 16:00 – 17:00 3D City: Resources and Ecology
3D city far exceeds the working boundary of the "architect" and "urban planner" in the traditional sense. It needs convergence of all social resources, processing to study in depth and integrate extensively the urban elements of architecture, planning, ecology, natural resources, landscape, living and working models and complex network of transportation, and so on – it is an opportunity this era has offered to city builders, allowing utopian dreams of the past to be realized today.

Host: Shi Jian Architecture/ city critic; Director, ISreading Culture
Guest Speaker:
Zhan Wang Chinese contemporary artist, sculptor
Lu Zhi Director, Shan Shui Conservation Center
Lu Minjie Director, AUDI China Sales Department
Mi Qiu Public artist
Chen Jiaying Chinese contemporary philosopher
30’ lecture + 30’ discussion

Conclusion: 17:00 – 17:10
Guest speaker: Weng Ling Art curator; Director, the Beijing Center for the Arts
Q&A: 17:10 – 17:30
18:00 – 20:00 Opening cocktail
20:00 - VIP dinner

? This is the fifth and last installment in this series of reports with the most recent 3D renderings of "SOLARE The Lean Linear City".

Excerpts from
Paolo Soleri's Lean Linear City
by Tomiaki Tamura, Cosanti Foundation, August 2009.

Although the lifestyle within SOLARE occurs primarily in pedestrian mode, the linear nature of the urban ribbon structure is meant to follow the urban logistical system connecting different cultural interests and economic needs both horizontally and linearly. Mass-transit systems are employed; local shuttles and moving walkways, as well as regional trains occasionally 'touching down' at major urban centers (existing cities or new arcologies) where SOLARE intersects.

? This urban logistical approach provides a more controlled urban growth strategy as opposed to a seemingly unstoppable urban sprawl driven especially by our automobile dependence.

? SOLARE is also high density (20+ stories) enough to justify the multi-level public circulation system including the integration of vertical transport systems such as elevators and escalators.

? Public accessibility at multiple levels encourages walking, as well as cycling and the use of other low impact transport mechanisms. Sustainable mobility should address less polluting and healthier lifestyles for citizens.

? In conclusion, I would like to reiterate the unique aspect of Solare: Lean Linear City.
It is a complimentary piece to the existing cities in need of urban growth and re-development, as well as an integral part of proposed 'ecological' communities forming urban nodes along the way.
We can certainly plan and build ecological cities (arcology?)' as Soleri has suggested in the past and some countries are already attempting to do so.
We must, however, realize that arcology alone cannot remedy all urban developmental challenges. No matter how robust arcological community may become, we still have to address 'urban growth' issues beyond its 'protective' ecological envelope.
While the Lean Linear City possesses arcological elements within the system, its main focus is to map out the urban growth pattern in more controlled manner by linearizing the ecological footprint needed to support the activities in urban nodes (larger cities) along its path.
Macro (logistical) urbanization is the key to transcend our daily life in gridlock.

YoungSoo Kim and the Arcosanti planning team are in the process of refining and updating 3D renderings of "SOLARE - The Lean Linear City". We will continue this report as new renderings become available.

? This is the fourth installment in a series of reports with the most recent 3D renderings of "SOLARE The Lean Linear City".

Excerpts from
Paolo Soleri's Lean Linear City
by Tomiaki Tamura,
Cosanti Foundation,
August 2009.

[Waste Management]
SOLARE's urban structures certainly make waste material collection more efficient. The linear transportation system also provides easier access to processing and recycling locations, and to waste disposal sites.

? The biologically processed (composting) materials fill the landscaping and garden soil enrichment needs. The energy recovery system in forms of solid, liquid and gaseous materials can also be adopted.

? Perhaps the largest contribution to waste management in SOLARE is the reduction in the absolute amount of material consumption; redefining the "quality of life" by giving its residents pedestrian access to many amenities, so that each resident does not have to own everything (but can share), therefore creating an environment in which less materials are needed.

? [Agriculture/Greenhouse] Sustainable agriculture may be a somewhat elusive concept, especially with the complexity of varied and shifting environmental conditions, and socio-economic needs of the communities that produce and consume the goods involved in the process.

? However, humanity’s attempt to reduce the ecological footprint that supports our lifestyle necessitates bringing agricultural activities much closer to the habitat where the consumption occurs.
SOLARE explores urban agriculture in the adjacent open field (close proximity to the human habitat) and vertical farm built into the structure where applicable.
Another unique feature of SOLARE is the terraced greenhouse unit (Energy Apron) intended to extend the growing season and provide diversified horticulture and floriculture practices within its stratified micro-climatic conditions.
This glazed productive environment substantially reduces the amount of water usage, while diverting excess heat to upper structures for space heating when needed.

This report continues on 8/14/2009.

? This is the third installment in a series of reports with the most recent 3D renderings of "SOLARE The Lean Linear City".

Excerpts from
Paolo Soleri's Lean Linear City
by Tomiaki Tamura,
Cosanti Foundation,
August 2009.

[Energy Production]
The relatively low-cost and highly efficient (in dollar value per energy output) form of non-renewable energy, namely fossil fuels, has certainly brought our western world unprecedented progress in the last century. We are also aware of the environmental and human costs that have resulted from progress’ ever-increasing carbon emission in our atmosphere, as the rest of the world began sharing a piece of our prosperity.
Depending on regional climatic and topographical conditions, SOLARE introduces alternative energy production options: continuous arrays of photovoltaic modules harvesting solar energy and a series of windmills capturing wind energy.

? Both systems are located at the top of the structures to take advantage of non-polluting renewable energies.
Passive solar features such as glazed atrium spaces and attached greenhouses (Energy Apron) add to the energy efficiency of the building.
If all the combinations of the suggested energy production systems are employed for the urban modules, they would support 80-100% of their energy needs.

? [Water Usage]
Efficient organization of water supply and wastewater reclamation systems requires substantial capital investment even in a highly dense lean linear urban environment.

? However, SOLARE tries to focus especially on the reduction of water usage by introducing a climate-controlled atrium for urban activity spaces and greenhouses for agricultural production.

? Additionally alternative energy production systems certainly reduce the dependence on the more conventional energy production facilities such as power plants and/or oil refineries that consume substantial amounts of water for their industrial needs.
The residents also enjoy immediate access to recreational areas that feature bodies of water such as rivers and lakes within pedestrian reach or via other means of transportation.
The open agricultural fields are in close proximity to reusable treated water augmenting their irrigation needs. Water storages are located in the upper part of the SOLARE structure to give plenty of gravitational pressure for reliable water distribution system.
Depending on geographical location, desalination technology can be employed to optimize available water resources.

This report continues on 8/12/2009.